Fixed penalty notices │We break down Germany’s Catalogue of Motoring Offences

Catalogue of Motoring Offences 2013

Fixed penalty notices

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Road traffic law rules on warnings, fines and driving bans are contained in Germany’s Catalogue of Motoring Offences and the schedule to the regulations creating the catalogue.

The complete catalogue, entitled Standardised Federal Catalogue of Motoring Offences, can be found on the website of Germany’s Federal Office for Motor Vehicles.

The following pages contain an overview of some traffic offences and speeding fines in Germany. The data is sorted in accordance with themes.
The standard fines increase in cases of danger or property damage.
No guarantee is made for the correctness or completeness of this information.
If you have received a questionable fixed penalty notice, our team of German lawyers is available to help you.

Speeding

The following information concerns cars and other vehicles up to 3.5t. For lorries and vehicles over 3.5t other levels of fine apply.

Outside built-up areas

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Driving ban (in months)

Exceeding the stated speed limit:
By up to 10 km/h

10

11 to 15 km/h

20

16 to 20 km/h

30

21 to 25 km/h

70

1

26 to 30 km/h

80

3

31 to 40 km/h

120

3

41 bis 50 km/h

160

3

1

51 to 60 km/h

240

4

1

61 to 70 km/h

440

4

2

More than 70 km/h

600

4

3

 
In built-up areas

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Driving ban (in months)

Exceeding the stated speed limit
By up to 10 km/h

15

11 to 15 km/h

25

16 to 20 km/h

35

21 to 25 km/h

80

1

26 to 30 km/h

100

3

31 to 40 km/h

160

3

1

41 to 50 km/h

200

4

1

51 to 60 km/h

280

4

2

61 to 70 km/h

480

4

3

More than 70 km/h

680

4

3

 

Other speeding offences

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Driving ban (in months)

Notes

Exceeding walking pace in traffic calming areas, but by less than 10 km/h

15

Inappropriate travelling speed despite warning notice of danger at junctions, intersections, level-crossings, visually impaired sections of carriageway or in poor visibility

50

3

and endangering

60

3

and causing damage to property

75

3

Inappropriate traveling speed in other cases

35

Children, disabled persons and elderly persons endangered through travelling too quickly, unwillingness to brake or tailgating

120

3

Disturbing the smooth flow of traffic by travelling too slowly and without good reason

40

Illegal racing
as a participant

400

4

1

as an organiser

500

4

Using radar or laser jamming equipment, or carrying such equipment in a state of preparedness

75

4

In addition, the equipment may be seized and destroyed

 

Maintaining insufficient distance to the vehicle travelling in front

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Driving ban (in Months)

Failure to maintain a safe distance whilst travelling at speeds of up to 80 km/h

25

and endangering

30

and causing damage to property

35

Failure to maintain a safe distance whilst travelling at speeds of more than 80 km/h – the distance being measured at ¼ of the value displayed on the tachometer

35

Failure to maintain a safe distance whilst travelling at speeds of more than 80 km/h – the distance being measured at 5/10 (half) of the value displayed on the tachometer

75

1

less than 4/10

100

2

less than 3/10 (Driving ban if travelling at speeds exceeding 100 km/h)

160

3

1

less than 2/10 (Driving ban if travelling at speeds exceeding 100 km/h)

240

4

2

weniger als 1/10 (Fahrverbot bei mehr als 100 km/h)

320

4

3

Failure to maintain a safe distance whilst travelling at speeds exceeding 130 km/h and where the distance measured is less than 5/10 (half) of the value on the tachometer

100

2

less than 4/10

180

3

less than 3/10

240

4

1

less than 2/10

320

4

2

less than 1/10

400

4

3

 

Failing to give way and running a red light

Description

Fine(€)

Points

Driving ban (in Months)

Notes

Approaching a main road too quickly

10

Failing to give way and causing an obstruction

25

Failing to give way or to stop at a stop sign and endangering other road users

100

3

1

Depending on circumstances – fine, revocation of driving licence and jail sentence up to 5 years under § 315c StGB
Failing to give way to oncoming traffic at a signed narrow section of carriageway

5

Failing to stop at a stop line

10

and endangering

50

3

Failing to stop at a red light

90

3

and endangering

200

4

1

Depending on circumstances – fine, revocation of driving licence and jail sentence up to 5 years under § 315c StGB
and causing damage to property

240

4

1

Depending on circumstances – fine, revocation of driving licence and jail sentence up to 5 years under § 315c StGB
Failing to stop at a red light which has been red for longer than 1 second

200

4

1

Depending on circumstances – fine, revocation of driving licence and jail sentence up to 5 years under § 315c StGB
and endangering

320

4

1

Depending on circumstances – fine, revocation of driving licence and jail sentence up to 5 years under § 315c StGB
and causing damage to property

360

4

1

Depending on circumstances – fine, revocation of driving licence and jail sentence up to 5 years under § 315c StGB

 

Drink driving

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Driving ban (in months)

Notes

Exceeding the alcohol limit (0.5 mg per ml)
first offence

500

4

1

second offence

1000

4

3

third offence or more

1500

4

3

Endangering other road users whilst under the influence of alcohol

7

Revocation of driving licence, prison sentence or fine

Drivers under the age of 21 or in the probation period must observe a 0 mg per ml limit. Infringements are penalised with €250 fine and two points. Additional penalties for drivers in the probation period include an extension to the probation period and compulsory attendance at an advanced driving seminar.

Experienced drivers found to have 0.3 to 0.5 mg per ml alcohol in their blood may face fines, points, prison or have their licence revoked if they cause and accident or there is evidence they were driving unsafely.

The aggravating circumstance of endangering other road users is automatically assumed where a driver has an alcohol level of 1.1 mg per ml or more.

 

Driving offences on motorways and roads (not including speeding)

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Driving ban (in months)

Notes

Turning around, reversing, travelling against the direction of traffic, or attempting to do so, on motorways or dual carriageways

7

1

Depending on circumstances – fine, revocation of driving licence and jail sentence up to 5 years under § 315c StGB
on slip roads

75

4

on service roads or hard-shoulders

130

4

on the main carriageway

200

4

1

Turning around in a tunnel

40

1

Using the hard shoulder to make progress faster than other traffic

75

2

Towing a broken down vehicle beyond the next available exit or joining a motorway whilst towing a vehicle

20

Failing to travel in the furthest lane to the right, although it would have been possible, and causing a source of danger

80

1

Using an impermissible vehicle of insufficient build quality (with a top speed under 60 km/h or exceeding the load limit of a vehicle)

20

Illegal stopping

30

Illegal parking

40

2
Joining or leaving the carriageway at unauthorised junctions

25

and endangering other road users

50

3

and causing damage to property

60

3

1

Depending on circumstances – fine, revocation of driving licence and jail sentence up to 5 years under § 315c StGB
Failing to create a middle lane in a traffic jam to allow police or emergency services to pass

20

Failing to give way to traffic when joining the carriageway

50

3

 

Lights and warning signals

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Incorrect use of lights or failure to switch to low beam in a timely manner or using lights which are obscured or dirty

20

and endangering

25

and causing damage to property

35

Travelling with side lights only, or using high-beam on a carriageway which is sufficiently and continually lit

10

and endangering

15

and causing damage to property

35

Failure to use dipped-beam despite visual impairment through fog, falling snow or rain
in urban areas

25

outside urban areas

40

3

Failure to use dipped-beam headlights when travelling through a tunnel

10

Failure to properly illuminate a stationary vehicle

20

and causing damage to property

35

Indicators not used as stipulated

10

Misuse of hazard warning lights

5

Misuse of horn or flashing lights inappropriately

10

and causing a nuisance

20

Use of unauthorised audible signals

10

 

Driving while under the influence of drugs

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Driving ban (in months)

Notes

Violation of statutory provisions on drugs while driving
first offence

500

4

1

second offence

1000

4

3

third offence or more

1500

4

3

Endangering other road users while under the influence of drugs

7

Revocation of licence, prison sentence or fine

Driving whilst under the influence of drugs such as cannabis, heroin, cocaine, morphine, amphetamines or ecstasy carries a high penalty. Only proof of substance consumption is required for a conviction.
 
The authorities also have the power to revoke a driving licence if the secondary metabolite of cannabis, THC-COOH is found in the blood, as this demonstrates the regular consumption of the drug.
In all cases of convicted drug-driving, drug screening and medical-psychological assessments can be ordered.
 

Stopping and parking restrictions

Description

Fine (€)

Stopping in narrow or concealed areas, on sharp curves, in acceleration or braking lanes, on pedestrian crossings and level crossings, and where stopping is prohibited by road markings, lights or road signs

10

and causing an obstruction

15

Parking in the places named above or in cycle lanes or on pavements

20

and causing an obstruction

30

for longer than 1 hour

30

and additionally causing an obstruction

35

Parking in narrow areas and thereby obstructing the passage for emergency services

40

Stopping in or in front of fire station entrances

10

Parking in or in front of fire station entrances

35

and causing an obstruction to emergency vehicles

50

Stopping next to parked cars

15

and causing an obstruction

20

Double parking

20

and causing an obstruction

25

for longer than 15 minutes

30

and additionally causing an obstruction

35

Parking in restricted areas (marked with white diagonal lines)

25

Unauthorised parking in traffic calming areas

10

and causing an obstruction

15

for longer than 3 hours

20

and additionally causing an obstruction

30

Parking within 5 metres of a junction or slip road; in front of entrances/exits to property, close to or in bus stops or taxi ranks, in front of or behind level crossing signs, over manhole covers, and where parking is prohibited by road markings, lights or road signs

10

and causing an obstruction

15

for longer than 3 hours

20

and additionally causing and obstruction

30

Parking in a disabled parking space

35

Stopping or parking without leaving sufficient space

10

Parking in a space authorised for another

10

Parking in pedestrian areas or other unauthorised areas

30

and causing an obstruction

35

for longer than 3 hours

35

Parking a vehicle and blocking another’s exit

20

Endangering other road users when getting in or out of a vehicle

20

and causing damage to property

25

Leaving a vehicle without taking precautions against causing accidents or disrupting traffic

15

and causing damage to property

25

Stopping in an emergency or breakdown bay

20

Parking in an emergency or breakdown bay

25

 

Incorrect documents, expired MOT, faulty vehicle

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Failing to notify registration authorities of a change in details (including new address, change of keeper, de-registration, off-road notice, on-road notice, purchase, import)

15

MOT (cars etc.) expired by:
2 to 4 months

15

from 4 to 8 months

25

more than 8 months

40

2

Emissions inspection (cars etc.) expired by:
between 2 and 8 months

15

more than 8 months

40

1

Using an unauthorised combination of tyres

15

vehicle owner permitting or requesting the vehicle to be driven in such a state

30

Travelling on tyres which do not comply with the minimum tread-depth requirement of 1,6 mm (EU Regulation since 01.01.1992)

50

3

vehicle owner permitting or requesting the vehicle to be driven in such a state

75

3

Operating a vehicle unsuitable for the road

80

3

vehicle owner permitting or requesting the vehicle to be driven in such a state

135

3

Operating a vehicle without authorisation

50

3

Operating a vehicle with a defective exhaust system

20

Operating a vehicle whilst breaching rules on lights and illumination

15

Causing, requiring or permitting the operation of a car which exceeds the maximum permissible weight
by more than 20%

50

3

by more than 25 %

75

3

by more than 30 %

125

3

From mid-2006: operating a vehicle on tyres which are inappropriate for the weather conditions (winter tyres)

20

and causing an obstruction

40

1

Temporary number plate used for any purpose other than road test, test drive or transfer and delivery

50

 

Interaction with the police

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Driving licence or vehicle documents not carried or produced

10

Warning triangle or first aid kit not carried or produced

15

Failing to follow police instructions or orders concerning a traffic spot-check

20

Failing to make way for an emergency vehicle with flashing blue lights and siren

20

Failing to stop at a police officer’s request

50

3

 

Security in and around the vehicle

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Failing to wear a seatbelt (including in coaches!)

30

Failing to secure 1 child in accordance with regulations (for example with seatbelt but not in a child seat)

30

as above, but in relation to several children

35

Failing to secure 1 child with any safety measure at all

40

1

as above, but in relation to several children

50

1

Fearing to wear a safety helmet

15

Failing to free the windscreen of ice or travelling whist vision is otherwise restricted beyond that which is permitted

10

Travelling with restricted hearing (music too laud)

10

Using a mobile telephone or car phone without a hands-free kit:

40

1

with running engine

40

1

as a cyclist

25

Failing to properly equip a vehicle for the weather conditions (winter tyres, antifreeze in the windscreen washer system)

40

and obstructing traffic

80

1

 

Using the road

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Illegally driving on a carriageway (taxi and bus lanes or other prohibition)

15

and causing an obstruction to public buses

35

Failing to observe a one-way sign

20

Obstructing a pedestrian in a traffic-calming area

15

and endangering

40

1

While illegally driving in a pedestrianised area, endangering a pedestrian

50

1

Failing to travel in the stipulated direction

10

and endangering

15

and causing damage to property

25

Travelling on pavements, green spaces or verges

5

and causing an obstruction

10

and endangering

20

Failing to drive in the right hand lane

80

Causing an obstruction: 1; Endangering: 2
Travelling in contravention of a prohibition due to a smog alarm or other form of public order

40

1

Travelling in the wrong direction in a round-about (car)

20

 

Overtaking

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Driving ban in months

Notes

Overtaking in violation of a prohibition

70

1

Undertaking in a built-up area

30

and causing damage to property

35

Undertaking outside a built-up area

100

3

Overtaking, without travelling significantly faster

80

1

Overtaking and leaving insufficient side clearance

30

1

Failing to quickly re-join traffic after overtaking

10

Speeding up when being overtaken

30

Travelling in a slow moving vehicle and failing to allow vehicles behind to overtake

10

Overtaking a vehicle which was indicating to join the traffic flow

25

Overtaking in unclear traffic conditions

100

3

and in contravention of a prohibition on overtaking

150

4

and endangering

250

4

1

Depending on circumstances – fine, revocation of driving licence and jail sentence up to 5 years under § 315c StGB
and causing damage to property

300

4

1

Pulling out to overtake and endangering vehicle behind

80

2

Overtaking over a pedestrian crossing; or whilst overtaking, failing to give way to pedestrians at a pedestrian crossing

50

4

 

Accidents

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Driving ban in months

Notes

Failing to secure and make identifiable an abandoned vehicle

40

2

Having been involved in an accident, failing to secure traffic, or in minor incidents failing to pull vehicles over to the side of the road

30

and causing damage to property

35

Clearing the scene of an accident of evidence required by the police for investigative purposes

30

Leaving the scene of an accident within the meaning of § 142 StGB

7

Failure to render assistance

5

If a person is injured or killed in a road accident, 5 points may be added to the licence of the person who caused the accident. In addition, the person who caused the accident may face criminal charges for negligently causing bodily harm or manslaughter.

If this is the case, you are strongly advised to seek legal advice. Our competent team of German lawyers is available to help you.
 

Turning around, reversing or turning off

Description

Fine (€)

Points

Turning off without properly filing into traffic on the carriageway of intended direction or turning off and blocking on-coming vehicles

10

and endangering other road users

30

and causing damage to property

35

Endangering other road users when turning off into the entrance of a property, turning around or reversing

80

2

Entering a junction despite a traffic jam and causing an obstruction

20

Turning off without permitting another vehicle to pass or without properly considering pedestrians and endangering

70

2

When turning left, failure to turn in front of each other and endangering

70

2


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Christian Solmecke is a partner at the law firm WILDE BEUGER SOLMECKE. He is the author of numerous legal publications in the area of internet and IT law. He is also an associate lecturer for social media law at the Cologne University of Applied Sciences.

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